In which areas can triticale be planted:
triticale is compatible with a wide range of different climatic conditions. And this factor introduces it as an indicator plant among cereals. Since triticale has a higher nutritional value than rye, it can be a suitable substitute foIn which areas can triticale be planted:
triticale is compatible with a wide range of different climatic conditions. And this factor introduces it as an indicator plant among cereals. Since triticale has a higher nutritional value than rye, it can be a suitable substitute for rye, especially in places where wheat cultivation is not possible or where proper performance is not obtained, this is considered an important economic privilege for this plant in different parts of the world.
Image of triticale farm
Light required for growing triticale:
Despite the long growth period, primary triticale has needed a long day length, the transfer of traits and insensitivity to day length from Mexican wheat to triticale has improved its adaptability in areas with low latitudes, and the cultivars produced with day length are often without There is a difference and they are not limited in terms of planting date.
The temperature required for triticale cultivation:
In triticale, the minimum temperature for the initiation of germination is 5 degrees Celsius, the optimal temperature is 20 degrees Celsius, and the maximum temperature for the initiation of germination is 30 degrees Celsius, and the cold resistance in some of the varieties is similar to winter wheat and rye, and tolerance has also been determined. Triticale has more vegetative growth than wheat with low temperatures at the beginning of the growth period.
What is the humidity required for growing triticale?
Drought tolerance is significant in semi-arid areas such as southern regions with an annual rainfall of 400 to 700 mm, and under these conditions, relatively favorable performance has been obtained, and some of its cultivars are more drought tolerant than wheat.
What are the characteristics of suitable soil for triticale cultivation:
According to the reports received from different parts of the world, triticale is a suitable substitute for rye in infertile and sandy soils, with the difference that its performance in these areas is much higher than that of rye. It has also been determined that triticale has a wide range of adaptability to planting in acidic soils with low pH, and triticale is a plant resistant to salinity, especially its resistance to salinity in the early stages of growth is quite evident in comparison with wheat and barley. The yield is affected by soil salinity up to 3.7 decimals per meter (unit of salinity and equivalent to millions per centimeter).
How should triticale crop rotation be:
Triticale is similar to wheat in terms of its morphological characteristics, including the shape and structure of the root, aerial organs, and growth period, so it can usually be placed in the wheat row. Therefore, under different weather conditions, the rotation recommended for wheat is also true for triticale.
How to prepare the land for triticale cultivation:
All the stages of land preparation such as wheat and barley are in the region and the cultivation is done with grain seeding.
When is the best planting date for triticale:
Considering that the minimum temperature for germination of triticale such as rye and oats is 2 to 3 degrees Celsius, it's early planting for 10 days compared to wheat (common in the region) causes more suitable seed filling.
What is the amount of seed and density of triticale plant for each hectare:
The density of the plant has a previous correlation with the conditions of the growth period and the moisture supply at that time. And the density of the plant with the amount of humidity can maintain the efficiency of water use and performance at the optimal level. Altogether, the number of 350 to 400 plants per square meter, which is synonymous with 140 to 160 kilograms of seeds, has been determined to be suitable under average fertility conditions.
How many centimeters should the depth of planting triticale seeds:
The planting depth in triticale cultivation is less than wheat. The quantitative experiments show that a planting depth of more than 6 cm can reduce the yield. If the wheat yield does not decrease when the seeding depth is 9 cm, but the triticale seeding depth is due to The low seed strength should not be more than 6 cm. The optimal planting depth is 2 to 4 cm, and deeper planting reduces the density of the plant and the seed yield.
What are the nutritional needs of the triticale plant:
Factors such as climate, soil fertility, humidity, genotype, and type of harvest (fodder and grain or fodder) should be taken into consideration, but in moderate to unsuitable fertility conditions to obtain optimal performance and on the optimal planting date, increase 80 kilograms of phosphate and 80 A kilogram of potash and 120 kilograms of nitrogen per hectare has brought an acceptable seed yield.
How to irrigate the triticale plant:
In the experiments conducted in the country under the conditions of limited fertility and natural rainfall during three years, respectively 443, 309, and 239 mm during the growing season, it has been shown that the seed yield of triticale cultivars was about 21% superior to that of wheat, which seems to be in very suitable conditions. Rainfall up to 400 mm has the best efficiency. In irrigated conditions, there is a strong and positive correlation between seed yield and its filling length, and the need for water is observed when the seed is filled. Also, water supply needs to depend on the type of harvest (dual-purpose conditions of seedless fodder). In Khorasan province, after one or two times of grazing, in the early spring, they start fertilizing and then irrigating, and its cultivation is recommended in most of the lands that have water, in general, if it is irrigated like wheat and barley, the performance is very good. Will have.
Which weeds commonly grow in triticale field:
The presence of weeds in the fields has always been a problem because they have an adverse effect on the growth of agricultural plants, so the fight against weeds is done by different chemical, agronomic and mechanical methods. grasses rye, especially in places where wheat cultivation is not possible or where proper performance is not obtained, is considered an important economic privilege for this plant in different parts of the world.
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