What are the characteristics of the fodder millet seeds of Pishahang:
This variety is recommended for cultivation in provinces such as Sistan, Kerman, Yazd, Tehran, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, Gilan, North Khorasan, South Khorasan and Golestan due to its ability to produce Qasil fodder in a short period of time (50-60 days).
What is the tolerance of pishahang millet seed disease?
No specific disease has been observed or reported during the research and promotion investigations.
How much is the seed and fodder yield of fodder millet seed:
The average yield of Qasil fodder and Pisahhang seed in research conditions is 35 and 1.5 tons per hectare, respectively. In addition, in some years and in favorable agricultural conditions, a record of 40 tons per hectare of rice and 2.5 tons per hectare of grain has been recorded.
What are the agronomic and morphological characteristics of pishahang millet:
The ripening period in terms of grain production is considered medium. In terms of Qaseel production, it is a premature figure.
Duration until flowering: 50-60 days
Seed color: creamy yellow
Reaction to Varus: It has a very favorable tolerance until harvest
The shape of the cluster: long and open, with the explanation that it is closed at the beginning of exiting the pod.
Stem form: fully erect
The average number of seeds in a panicle: 800
Average weight of 1000 seeds: 4 grams
Average cluster length: 25 cm
Average plant height: 100 cm
Average grain yield: 1.5 tons per hectare
Average yield of dry fodder: 5 tons per hectare
Qusayl average yield: 35 tons per hectare
What are the stages of planting scout fodder millet:
What are the characteristics of suitable soil for the cultivation of pishahang millet?
Scout millet, like other common millet cultivars, is compatible with loam and sandy loam soils. In general, small millets in heavy soils, especially when irrigation is not done carefully, will face the problem of seeding, which will face a serious problem due to the small size of the seed.
When is the best date to plant pishahang fodder millet seeds:
When the soil temperature is 14-15 degrees, it is possible to cultivate this line. Cultivation of this line is possible in different regions of the country as follows.
Late May to the first half of June
Temperate regions: early to mid-May
Warm areas: mid-April to early May in the first crop and late August to early September in the second crop
What are the stages of land preparation for the cultivation of fodder millet seeds:
Considering the small size of the scout millet seed, it is necessary to prepare the ground in the desired way and it should be free of any lumps.
The amount of fertilizer used
In the conditions of Faryab, the consumption of different types of chemical fertilizers is determined based on the soil test. In general, ammonium phosphate fertilizer in the amount of 250 kg before planting and urea fertilizer in the amount of 200 kg in two occasions (100 kg at the same time as cultivation and 100 kg before the plant stems) should be added to the soil.
How many kilos of pishahang fodder millet seeds are needed for each hectare:
The amount of seed is 10 to 15 kg in machine cultivation and 15 to 20 kg in manual cultivation.
Row distance and planting depth The optimal distance between rows is 50 cm and the suitable planting depth is 2 to 3 cm.
The optimal planting density is 300-400 thousand plants per hectare.
How to irrigate scout fodder millet:
It is necessary to be careful enough in the first and second irrigation (until the seeds turn green). This variety will have the highest production in 7 to 10 days irrigation cycle.
Necessary advice for planting pishahang fodder millet:
While it is necessary to provide a density of about 300 to 400 thousand plants per hectare, sufficient care should be applied in the first and second irrigation. 2- In the weeding stage, the most important thing is irrigation and weed removal of the field in the early stages of millet growth. In the case of optimal irrigation, the growth and development of the root is carried out in an optimal way, which leads to an increase in the efficiency of water consumption. Timely disposal of weeds also causes, so that in the next stages of growth, due to the shading of the plant, it is not possible for weeds to grow and spread. It is necessary to advise: before the plant (6 to 8 leaves) stems, it is recommended to use a cultivator to remove weeds and aerate the soil, and then to direct the soil inside the atmosphere to the side of the stack (the foot of the plant) by means of a forwarder.
What is the method of harvesting pishahang fodder millet?
Harvesting time of green fodder (Qasil) in the current conditions of the country, this type of use of millet is preferable and the most suitable time to harvest as green fodder is when the plant is seeded (50% of the plants have seeded).
Seed harvesting time If the goal is to harvest millet seeds, it is recommended to harvest when the color of the clusters and old leaves have turned yellow.
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